In Luke 10:25-29, Jesus is confronted by an expert in the law: "Teacher," he asked, "what must I do to inherit eternal life?"
When Jesus asked him what was written in the Law and how did this expert understand its interpretation, the man said: "'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind' ; and, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'"
Jesus agreed but the man persisted in trying to trick Jesus by asking: "And who is my neighbor?"
The answer that Jesus gave was a parable, commonly called "The Parable of the Good Samaritan" (Luke 10:30-37).
This is the story of a traveler who was robbed and left for dead by his attackers. A priest saw the man but passed by on the other side of the road, presumably in order to maintain ritual purity. A Levite also refused to assist the beaten, half dead traveler. Finally a passing Samaritan stopped and gave assistance, going beyond even the normal assistance by offering to cover the expenses for the man as he recovered in a local inn.
What is often missed by modern readers of this story is the deep hatred that Jews felt for Samaritans in those days, and it is worth quickly looking at the cause of that hatred to place the parable in context.
the tolerance that Jesus showed to Samaritans must have annoyed orthodox Jewry
Samaritans lived in a kingdom in northern Israel (central Palestine) called Samaria. They were a group of Jews who broke from orthodox Jewry during the 6th Century BC and constructed a temple on the mountain Gerizim. They married non-Jews and were considered "half Jews" or of a "mixed race". Like most break-away groups throughout history, they were intensely disliked by the group of people they had left.
The tolerance that Jesus showed to Samaritans must have annoyed orthodox Jewry, specially the ruling Priests, and I feel sure that this played a major role in their decision to convince the Romans to kill Him.
Today we use the word "Samaritan" in association with charitable groups but there is a group of people who call themselves Samaritans and claim to follow the ancient worship.
When Jesus spoke of the "Good Samaritan" He was citing an example of a group of people hated by those in His audience but, if He was telling that parable today, would it be "The Parable of the Good Muslim", or "The Parable of the Good Jehovah's Witness"?
If Jesus was teaching in a Muslim country (remember, He taught in places like Samaria so His message wasn't just for one group of people but for everyone) He possibly would tell "The Parable of the Good American", or even "The Parable of the Good Southern Baptist".
Here are some versions of the parable as Jesus might tell them today:
The Parable of the Good Muslim
Therefore, we could also have "The Parable of the Good Abortionist", "The Parable of the Good Child Molester", "The Parable of the Good Bank Robber", and "The Parable of the Good Serial Killer" because, like us, they are simply sinners who (I hope) still do good deeds for their fellow man. Although these are of moral origin, the perspective is the same as the cultural or racial examples we more commonly see.
A bank robber is not a bank robber 24/7 at most times he is probably a "normal" person who does the same types of things as other "normal" people (takes his mother shopping, helps out a neighbor in distress, etc). We love to categorize people and put them into little boxes but we ignore the complexity of the human spirit. While we might deplore the acts of a bank robber (ie, robbing a bank), they are still our neighbors and we are commanded to love them.
In Matthew 5:28 Jesus reminds us there is no difference between someone who commits a "minor" sin (a man who ogles a woman who is not his wife) and someone who commits a "major" sin (to follow the example, a man who violently rapes that woman). Each of the people in the example above (the abortionist, the child molester, the bank robber, etc) are our neighbors, even though they don't always act in a "neighborly" way towards us.
Should you judge them? Would you see past the sin and love the sinner as Jesus taught!
the neighbor that Jesus talked about was anybody who is around us ... They are everybody who lives on our planet!
As you can see from those examples, the neighbor that Jesus talked about was anybody who is around us the people who live in our street, the people who live in our neighborhood, the people who live in our city, the people who live in our county or municipality or parish, the people who live in our state or province, the people who live in our country. They are everybody who lives on our planet!
They are people who have a different cultural upbringing to us, they have a different skin color, a different shape to their eyes, a different language, a different belief system.
They are also, like us, sinners.
Like them or not, we are told to love our neighbors and loving someone also implies forgiving them when they offend against us, or against our ideals or beliefs.
Always remember that Jesus told us that if we don't forgive people who offend against us then we cannot expect God to forgive us when we sin (Matthew 6:14-15). He also said that he who is without sin should cast the first stone (John 8:7).
If you are sinless then you have a right to criticize the sins of others. However, Paul summed it up nicely by stating that we are all sinners and fall short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23).
Next time you see someone who looks or acts a little differently from you, who might have a strange haircut, who might not believe in the things that you believe in, then remember that they are your neighbor and you must not judge them, or criticize them, but love them unconditionally.
Let non-Christians see the light of Jesus shining forth from you; loving them, respecting them, and not judging them.
It's a challenge, but all things are possible for those who love the Lord.
Was Jesus a "Religious Lawyer" Too?
I enjoy thinking of the parable as that of the "good Muslim." Jesus is so clever in dealing with the religious lawyer. If he were here today I expect he'd trick me into seeing the humanity in my minority neighbors despite my base instincts.
my reply to Tom
Why must it be a 'trick' if someone is showing you the humanity in your minority neighbors despite your base instincts? Maybe your 'instincts' are wrong, or mislead...
Jesus taught that we must (not 'should' but 'must') forgive people who offend against us not just once, not just twice but, as He is quoted in Matthew 18:21-22, 'seventy seven times'. He also said, in verse 35, said that you must 'forgive your brother from your heart'.
Are there bad Muslims? Of course. Are there equally bad Christians, Buddhists, neo-Nazis and tax accountants? Of course. This isn't about one group being bad, but about bad individuals in the world. Even so, Jesus still said that we must forgive those bad individuals, not just once but 77 times (ie indefinitely).
We are all sinners who fall short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23), and all sin is the same in God's eyes (sin is sin there are no gradients of sin). Therefore, in God's eyes the man who cheats on his income tax is just as guilty as the mass murderer, the driver who deliberately speeds is as guilty as the child molestor. It is man who allocates degrees of sin, not God.
So, in God's eyes, both you and I are just as guilty as those people responsible for 9/11, as the "Son of Sam", and as Adolf Hitler. Like all sinners we have the sacrifice on the Cross to cleanse our sins if we accept Jesus as our Lord and Savior and follow what God requires of us (as per Micah 6:8).
Just don't forget that you will receive the same degree of forgiveness from God for your sins, as you forgive others for theirs!
Get a copy of this article in ASCII text format either zipped (neighbor.zip 4kB) or as a normal text document (neighbor.txt 10kB). Please note that this article is copyright and may not be reproduced without written permission (given freely for Christian purposes). Often it is better to simply link directly to this page!
All of Grahams Christian writings (see below) can be download as a set of archived text files GrahamsWriting.zip (you will need an unzipping tool like the free Stuffit Expander Windows or Stuffit Expander Mac to extract the separate documents from this archive).
© Graham Pockett
Last Updated: Tuesday, February 21, 2017